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Sexually Transmitted Diseases: What are STDs, Causes of STDs & Treatment for STDs

Sexually Transmitted Diseases: What are STDs, Causes of STDs & Treatment for STDs

Everyone wants to be secure against STDs (Sexually Transmitted Infections), also known as STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections). You should know this: These infections can be contracted through vaginal, oral, anal, or nonsexual sexual contact. Explained, STDs can be transmitted through any behavior that causes bodily fluids to mix.

Although STDs can be passed to an unborn fetus during pregnancy and childbirth, most STDs do not experience any health issues due to their infection.

The following are the most common causes of STD outbreaks:

  • Sexual partners in multiples
  • Unawareness

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 1 million STDs are acquired every day, impacting men and women equally.

STDs' Origins

Three main factors can cause STDs/STIs:

  • Bacteria, such as those that cause chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis
  • HIV/AIDS, human papillomavirus, hepatitis B virus, herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Zika
  • Parasites such as trichomonas vaginalis and insects like crab lice or scabies mites.

Sexual activity, including sexual intercourse, can transfer any STI, and some STIs can also be spread via oral sex and other sexual activity. An STI can be passed from person to person without the need for ejaculation.

Like those utilized to inject drugs, tattooing, or contaminated body piercing equipment, sharing infected needles can also spread HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. In addition, a few illnesses can be transferred sexually, although they can also be shared through nonsexual contact. Even though they can be transmitted through sexual communication, certain diseases, such as CMV, are not considered STIs.

STD Signs & Symptoms:

An STD can have no mild or severe symptoms. High temperature, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and stomach ache are signs that some people experience. Symptoms that are frequently seen include:

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and the Consequences (STDs)

Some STDs are not curable and can have long-term consequences, such as:

  1. Infertility or subfertility – trouble conceiving following Chlamydia infection due to tubal damage.
  2. Tubal ectopic pregnancy - occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus' central cavity and develops.
  3. Pelvic or abdominal pain that has been present for an extended period

How to Determine Whether You Have A Sexually Transmitted Disease

  1. Swabs - Ulcers in the vaginal or cervical canals, the penile canal, or the genital canal
  2. Blood testing – to determine whether or not a person is infected with a virus. All sexually transmitted diseases are Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV. Antibiotics can treat STDs/STIs driven by parasites or bacteria. The most common method of administration for these antibiotics is orally (orally). They may, however, be injected or administered directly to the affected area in some cases.

STDs Treatments

Treatments, problems, and results for viral STIs are all determined by the virus in question (HIV, human papillomavirus, genital herpes, hepatitis, or cytomegalovirus). Most of these infections can be treated to minimize their symptoms and progress. Medication is available, for example, to reduce the frequency and intensity of genital herpes outbursts while also lowering the risk of the virus spreading to others.

HIV patients must take antiretroviral medications to keep their virus levels under control. These treatments, known as HAART1 (highly active antiretroviral therapy), can help people live longer, healthier lives and prevent HIV transmission to others. In addition, if a woman with HIV becomes pregnant, these drugs can lower the risk of infection in her fetus or newborn.

On this website's Sexologist in Delhi Types and Treatments page, you'll find some general information regarding STI treatments. More details regarding STI treatments can be found on the CDC's website.

Because some STIs can be passed on during pregnancy or delivery, testing and treating them is crucial for pregnant women. Early detection of these STIs in pregnant women is critical to take steps to guarantee a healthy baby's delivery. Depending on the type of STI, different treatments will be required.

The infected person and their partner(s) must take all of the medicine provided by the health care professional to ensure that the STI is wholly cured, regardless of how rapidly the symptoms resolve after commencing treatment. To avoid spreading the virus, they should also follow their doctor's advice on how long they should postpone having intercourse after the therapy is finished.


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